In a new study published recently in the journal, Circulation, researchers have said that heart attacks are on the increase among young women.
According to the Cable News Network, a team of researchers analysed, across five-year intervals,
the overall proportion of heart attack-related hospital admissions in the United States attributable to young patients between the ages of 35 and 54.
During these periods, the researchers noted that there was a rise in these admissions from 21 per cent to 31 per cent among young women, compared with 30 per cent to 33 per cent among young men.
A senior author of the study, Mrs Melissa Caughey, said, “The takeaway message is that an increasing percentage of heart attacks is occurring among younger patients,
even though our population is ageing and the biggest increase seems to be among young women.”
According to the World Health Organisation, 85 per cent of all cardiovascular disease-related deaths globally are due to heart attacks and strokes.
The researchers took a close look at young patients, who made up 30 per cent of those on admission in hospitals,
and found that within the group that the incidence of heart attack-related ailments decreased from 1995 to 2014 among young men, but an increase was observed among young women.
“When we looked at the number of patients who had a heart attack each year, divided by the total population of patients in the group
we saw that there was actually a decrease in the incidence among young men, and that sort of paralleled with what we see in the older populations, but we saw a slight increase for young women,” Caughey said.
The researchers also found that compared with young women, young men were more likely to have medical insurance and a history of hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease and stroke.
The young women also were more often black and less likely to be smokers.
A cardiologist who was not part of the study, Dr. Nieca Goldberg, said, “When I saw the high rate of diabetes in the women,
I thought about obesity. The study didn’t say whether or not these women were obese.
“It is complex. What are the risk factors and symptoms being recognised by the providers?
Are the patients, although they have insurance, taking their time to make an appointment?
Was it so difficult to get an appointment that they just gave up?”.
Source :: Medical world